For this assignment, we’ll compare the Code of Hammurabi and the Torah in regards to the laws both documents established.
First, please follow the steps below:
1. Go to the online search engine, the Bible Gateway (www.biblegateway.com)
2. In the Search box, enter the keywords “eye for eye.”
3. Select Old Testament. Please use the New International Version of the Bible. In this assignment we are interested only in results from the books of the Pentateuch or the Torah, Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
4. Using the same technique, search for the word “slave.”
5. Reread the Code of Hammurabi in your Andrea/Overfield text. Look for references to the phrase “eye for eye” and “slave.”
6. Compare the references from the Torah with the passages in the Code of Hammurabi which also contain the same phase and word(s).
Second, answer the following questions:
- How do those two sets of laws refer to the concept “eye for eye”? What similarities and differences do you detect in this regard in the two texts? What do those similarities and differences tell us about the societies, their laws, and development of civilizations in general?
- In a similar fashion, please evaluate the two texts in reference to the word “slave.” What similarities and differences do you detect in this regard in the two texts? What do those similarities and differences tell us about the societies, their laws, and development of civilizations in general?
- Now, go back to your discussion on social justice in the Code of Hammurabi you submitted for the lesson on Mesopotamia. Does the comparison with the Torah change your initial reaction to the social justice exercised through the Code of Hammurabi? Please make sure to provide examples to support your answer.
This essays satisfies COLAs #6, #7, #8, and #11.
Guidelines for Writing your Essay
For this assignment, please use the following guidelines for writing your essay:
- Essays should each be two full typewritten pages in length, approximately 500-600 words in 12-point type. Please use a simple, clean font such as Times New Roman or Palatino. Use 1″ inch margins on all sides.
- Essays are to be written following the rules of correct grammar and spelling, both of which will be taken into consideration in the evaluation of the essay. Be sure to proofread your essays as grammar and spell checks typically do not catch words used in incorrect contexts.
- Essays must be original and analytical and must be careful to include well-thought-out responses to the questions posed in the assignment. Make sure to address ALL parts of the question.
- Introduction which does ALL of the following: states the purpose of the essay; frames the era by providing pertinent dates for the subject; provides a solid historical background moving from general statements about the subject to increasingly more specific ones; introduces the author of the document by providing some specific information important for better understanding why the author wrote what he or she did.
- A thesis which specifically explains how the primary document reflects the issues and developments of the historical period when it was produced.
- A methodology that states what topics are covered in the primary document and how you went about analyzing it; this means you will need to explain what your secondary sources were (don’t just say “the textbooks” that’s too vague) and how those sources were helpful
- A body of evidence, this is main part of your essay and it is where you defend your thesis by referring to several major aspects of the primary document explaining how they reflect the concerns and issues of author in the context of the period when it was written. You rely on direct analysis of the primary document and on secondary source material to back up your assertions.
- A conclusive summary that briefly reiterates your main points, but more important, suggests how the primary source points to later historical developments. How might it be a bridge to a later time in Greek history–do not just jump to the present and make a superficial remark about how everyone was better.
You must cite your sources in text and provide a complete bibliography at the end. A minimum of three sources -in addition to your textbook- are required. REMEMBER: Any information or idea that is not your own MUST BE CITED.
- You must give specific examples from the secondary and/or primary sources used in the development of the paper and must cite these sources following the MLA style, the University of Chicago Press’s Chicago Manual of Style or Kate L. Turabian’s A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. You are required to utilize a minimum of three sources -in addition to your textbook- for this assignment. Refer to the online resources Guide to the MLA Style or Turabian and Chicago Styles Citations. Your instructor will specify the preferred style. You should use footnotes or endnotes and provide a full bibliography at the end of your paper.
- If you use direct quotations, you must not only cite your source, but must also use quotation marks. Example: Columbus explains that the weapons of the natives he encountered in the islands of the Caribbean were unsophisticated, and that their javelin, a much-used weapon, was “no more than sticks” joined together.
Please include the text and bibliography in one paper–not separate documents.