Econ-quiz

========================================================================

1.

If private bargaining to resolve an externality is to result in an efficient outcome,

A) rights must be protected by liability rules.
B) there must be tradable pollution rights.
C) there must be direct regulation of externalities.
D) the initial assignment of rights must be clear to both parties.

2.

For the Coase theorem to apply, all of the following conditions must be satisfied EXCEPT

A) The basic rights of the individuals must be clearly understood.
B) There must be no impediments to bargaining.
C) Only a few people can be involved.
D) Liability rules must be established and enforced.

3.

An efficient outcome can always be reached by requiring the individual who produces the externality to fully compensate individuals for any damage inflicted.

A) TRUE
B) FALSE

4.

In any case where there is a negative externality, it is better to form a government agency to solve the problem.

A) TRUE
B) FALSE

5.

Public goods represent a market failure because

A) they are provided by firms with market power.
B) positive externalities are created through their production.
C) by their very nature they are nonexcludable and nonrival which makes it difficult for the private sector to supply them profitably.
D) there is incomplete information regarding their quality.

6.

Which of the following contains most of the characteristics of a public good?

A) Education
B) Trash collection
C) A public library
D) National defense

7.

A television signal sent by cable is ________ in consumption and viewers are ________.

A) rival; excludable
B) nonrival; excludable
C) nonrival; nonexcludable
D) rival; nonexcludable

8.

You will still be able to listen to NPR (National Public Radio) whether or not you contribute to their fund-raising campaign, so you decide not to contribute. This is an example of the

A) private good problem.
B) free-rider problem.
C) rival in consumption problem.
D) drop-in-the-bucket problem.

9.

https://cms.psu.edu/AngelUploads/QuestionData/4eaa989d-9a03-4546-a839-6e7ad6eada8c/HW6_AirlineGraph.png#{1B43E3A5-9AA4-488D-B614-2FF9B6F9F7BC}

Refer to the figure above. Suppose the government assigns property rights to the airlines. No negotiations occur between the parties. The resulting level of air travel is ________.

A) 0 units
B) 100 units
C) 120 units
D) Indeterminate from the given information.

10.

Refer to the figure above. Suppose the government assigns property rights to the airlines. No negotiations occur between the parties. The marginal damage cost associated with the resulting level of air travel is ________.

A) $25
B) $120
C) $265
D) $385

11.

Refer to the figure above. Suppose the government assigns property rights to the airlines, then the airlines and the residents engage in negotiations. The resulting efficient level of air travel is ________.

A) 0 units
B) 100 units
C) 120 units
D) Indeterminate from the given information.

12.

Refer to the figure above. The marginal damage cost associated with the efficient level of air travel is ________.

A) $0
B) $100
C) $225
D) $265

13.

Refer to the figure above. The marginal damage cost ________ as the quantity of air travel increases.

A) increases
B) decreases
C) remains constant
D) becomes negative

14.

Refer to the figure above. Suppose the government assigns property rights to the nearby residents affected by the airlines. No negotiations occur between the parties. The resulting level of air travel is ________.

A) 0 units
B) 100 units
C) 120 units
D) Indeterminate from the given information.

15.

For the following question, you will need to fill in the blanks with the correct numbers. When filling in the blanks, enter the NUMBERS only. Do NOT enter commas, dollar signs, percent signs, or text. If your answer is a decimal, include your decimal point and round to the nearest tenth.

Suppose you are hired by the Martin guitar company as an economic consultant. You estimate the demand for Martin guitars to be Q = 8000 – 2P. Suppose the supply of Martin Guitars is given by Q = –2000 +3P.

What is the equilibrium price of Martin guitars? 

What is the equilibrium quantity of Martin guitars? 

What is the price elasticity of demand at the equilibrium price and quantity? 

What is the price elasticity of supply at the equilibrium price and quantity? 

For the next seven questions, suppose a per-unit excise tax of $40 per guitar is levied on the consumers.

What price will sellers receive after the tax is levied? 

What price will consumers pay after the tax is levied? 

What percent of the tax will be paid by the consumers of Martin guitars?  (give an answer between 0 and 100)

What percent of the tax will be paid by the suppliers of Martin guitars?  (give an answer between 0 and 100)

How many guitars will be sold after the tax is imposed? 

How much consumer surplus do consumers get after the tax? 

What is the deadweight loss created by this tax? 

16.

For the following question, you will need to fill in the blanks with the correct numbers. When filling in the blanks, enter the NUMBERS only. Do NOT enter commas, dollar signs, percent signs, or text. If your answer is a decimal, include your decimal point and round to the nearest tenth.

Consider the market for laptop computers. The demand for laptops is Q = 1800 – 3P. Suppose the supply of laptops is given by Q = –200 +2P.

What is the equilibrium price of laptops? 

What is the equilibrium quantity of laptops? 

What is the price elasticity of demand at the equilibrium price and quantity? 

What is the price elasticity of supply at the equilibrium price and quantity? 

For the next seven questions, suppose a per-unit excise tax of $80 per laptops is levied on the consumers.

What price will sellers receive after the tax is levied? 

What price will consumers pay after the tax is levied? 

What percent of the tax will be paid by the consumers of laptops?  (give an answer between 0 and 100)

What percent of the tax will be paid by the suppliers of laptops?  (give an answer between 0 and 100)

How many laptops will be sold after the tax is imposed? 

How much consumer surplus do consumers get after the tax? 

What is the deadweight loss created by this tax? 

17.

An externality is

A) a cost or benefit resulting from some activity or transaction that is imposed or bestowed on parties outside the activity or transaction.
B) the total cost to society of producing an additional unit of a good or service.
C) the amount a consumer pays to consume an additional amount of a particular good.
D) a problem intrinsic to public goods: The good or service is so costly that its provision generally does not depend on whether or not any single person pays.

18.

Air pollution generated by a steel mill is an example of

A) a positive production externality.
B) a negative production externality.
C) a public good.
D) the free-rider problem.

19.

Assuming no externalities exist, if a goodʹs price is less than its marginal cost, then the benefits consumers derive are

A) greater than the cost of resources needed to produce it and less should be produced.
B) greater than the cost of resources needed to produce it and more should be produced.
C) less than the cost of resources needed to produce it and less should be produced.
D) less than the cost of resources needed to produce it and more should be produced.

 
"Looking for a Similar Assignment? Order now and Get 10% Discount! Use Code "Newclient"
[promo2]