Grandma’s Experiences Leave a Mark on Your Genes, summary help (min of 500 words)

this article  Grandma’s Experiences Leave a Mark on Your Genes
Objectives
• Master pre-reading and reading strategies for different texts
• Understand how genre and intended audience shapes reading and writing
• Determine the logic to the ordering of ideas in a text and identify transitions as signposts to the different parts of texts
• Annotate a reading by identifying main ideas and supporting evidence
• Recognize the effect of perspective and purpose on tone, organization, and vocabulary choice
• Summarize accurately

To complete this assignment successfully
• Read and annotate the article, noting in the margins the main purpose of each paragraph
• Underline the main points of the article and number the evidence that supports it
• Try making an outline of the article
• Determine the article’s thesis (implicit or explicit)
• Make a list of what to include in your summary.
• Draft, paying careful attention to attribution of ideas and/or citations
• Review paraphrases
• Revise

Checklist
Content:
o Do you correctly surmise the thesis of the article?
o Do you accurately report all the main and supporting points for this thesis?
o Have you represented the author’s ideas clearly without distortion?
o Have you represented the authors ides concisely without including unnecessary detail?
o Have you used attributive tags to discuss the author’s arguments?
o Have you used your own words with few quotes and adequate paraphrase?
o Have you followed summary conventions mentioning the title and the author of the article?
o Have you included a works cited page?

Organization:
o Is your summary organized logically so as to clearly present the argument of the article (without necessarily mirroring the original order of the article)?
o Have you used transitions to smoothly link the supporting points to the main points?
o Do you differentiate (if necessary) between more important and less important reasons through transitional words?

Style:
o Is the summary typed and double spaced?
o Is the essay clean stylistically, using concise and clear sentences, strong verbs and active voice, and sentence variety?
o Is the essay grammatically correct?

Summary Grading Criteria For Students

Summary Grading Criteria (for students)

A Sophisticated summary

• Correctly surmises the thesis and includes all of the major supporting points
• Likely does not mirror the original order of the article
• Contains no misreadings; represents the authors arguments fairly and accurately
• Contains no opinion or information not mentioned in the article
• Uses attributive tags and/or citations consistently and correctly
• Summarizes using own words and adequate paraphrases
• Quotes sparingly but when done, quotes are smoothly integrated
• Smoothly transitions between ideas, differentiating between more important and less important points
• Contains fluid sentence-level prose

B Clear and coherent summary

• Summary contains the thesis and most of the main points
• Contains few, if any, misreadings of article
• Attributive tags and/or citations are used somewhat consistently and correctly
• Quotes may not be integrated but they are explained
• Paraphrases adequately
• Uses competent transitions
• Contains clear and concise sentence-level prose with some lapses

C Competent summary

• Correctly, or nearly correctly, surmises the thesis and some of the main points.
• Summary may place too much emphasis on one main point or focus too much on minor points
• Summary contains some misreadings but these misreadings don’t extend to the thesis of the article
• Summary may too closely follow the organization of the article itself (a blow-by-blow paraphrase is not a successful summary)
• Attributive tags and/or citations are used, but are used inconsistently and/or incorrectly
• Quotes are unexplained and there may be too many quotes
• Paraphrases may come too close to original though much of the original sentence is changed
• Transitions exist but may be inappropriate or confusing
• Sentences are mostly correct (the occasional fragment or run on) but may be awkward

D Inadequate summary

• Misreads purpose/thesis of article; may invent too different a thesis for the article; may read so much into the article that it is somewhat unrecognizable
• Personal opinion may exist throughout
• Fails to use attributive tags and/or citations to indicate the information presented is the author’s and not the student’s
• Quotes are mostly unexplained
• Paraphrases are too close to original
• Transitions may be nonexistent
• Sentences contain many errors and boundary issues though they are readable

F Failing summary

Exam may fail for any number of reasons: the writer responds to the ideas in the article rather than summarizes; the writer grossly misunderstands or misreads the article; the writer copies sentences without quoting or citing; sentences may be impossible to follow

 
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