Rough Draft Quantitative Research Critique And Ethical Considerations

Write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of two quantitative research studies. Use the “Research Critique Guidelines – Part II” document to organize your essay. Successful completion of this assignment requires that you provide a rationale, include examples, and reference content from the study in your responses.

Use the practice problem and two quantitative, peer-reviewed research articles you identified in the Topic 1 assignment to complete this assignment.

In a 1,000–1,250 word essay, summarize two quantitative studies, explain the ways in which the findings might be used in nursing practice, and address ethical considerations associated with the conduct of the study.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

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Cognitive behavior Therapy vs Rational EmotiveBehaviour Therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy is a psychological therapy used in treating patients with depression and to incite happiness in the patient. The therapy approaches the problem by targeting at the solution to the problem more than going back to the causes. On the other hand, rational emotive behavioral therapy, majorly known as REBT, is also another psychotherapy used to solve problems concerning stress. This therapy uses the replacement of self-rejecting feelings in a depressed person with self-believe and confidence (Ellis, 2013). The therapy challenges the rationale of bad thoughts about self.

There are a number of similarities that both therapies share, these include: Both of the therapies employ psychoeducation in the treatment of stress, the therapies also teach the patient on how to employ therapeutic techniques in treating themselves (Szentagotai, David, Lupu, & Cosman, 2008). Another similarity between the two therapies is that emphasis is laid on the importance of cognitive psychological dysfunction and they all focus on changing the behavior of the patient through their various different approaches.

Differences in the therapies

Despite these similarities, the two therapies have variations which distinguish them. These differences include; Self- acceptance: the rational emotive behavior therapy focuses on the self-acceptance of the patient. It encourages the patient to accept themselves back and try to see the positive in them and stop blaming themselves about the past. The cognitive behavior therapy, on the other hand, is more concerned about the self-esteem of the patient (Szentagotai, David, Lupu, & Cosman, 2008).

The philosophy: the rational emotive behavior therapy earns more credit because it concerns in digging deeper into the philosophic causes of stress and try to encourage the patient to focus on the positive and wipe out the negative from their minds. Cognitive behavior therapy is attached more importance in the future of the patient rather than the cause of the problem. The therapy builds the self-esteem of the patient through encouragement and giving them the hope of a better future.

Solution approach: while the rational emotive behavior therapy approaches the problem from the past point of view and tries to educate the patient on the importance of viewing the positive side of the problem than focusing on the negative. The cognitive behavior therapy, on the other hand, approaches it from the current point of the situation and start tech the patient to attach value on themselves.

The recommended therapy

The cognitive behavior model is the best therapy to be recommended for a client. I will base my decision on various factors implying that this type of therapy is superior. The philosophical approach to the problem in this therapy is realistic since it considers the personality of the patient as the main source of the solution (Dobson, & Dozois, (Eds.), 2019). The therapy educates the patient on their own importance as compared to the issue which is a mere episode in their lives. The therapy also has more persuasive techniques that can be used to convince a patient to transform their thinking.


Dobson, K. S., & Dozois, D. J. (Eds.). (2019). Handbook of cognitive-behavioral therapies. Guilford Publications.

Ellis, A. (2013). Better, deeper and more enduring brief therapy: The rational emotive behavior therapy approach. Routledge.

Szentagotai, A., David, D., Lupu, V., & Cosman, D. (2008). Rational emotive behavior therapy versus cognitive therapy versus pharmacotherapy in the treatment of major depressive disorder: Mechanisms of change analysis. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training45(4), 523.

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Assessing and Treating Clients with Bipolar Disorder

Assessing and Treating Clients with Bipolar Disorder


Bipolar disorder is attributed to the instability in the emotions of a person and may occur as a result of the genes of the patient. Stahl et al. (2019) record that other than the genetic possibility, the occurrence of a bipolar disorder may be blamed on the neurons or biological operation of the organs of the patient. Typically, bipolar disorder arises in the changes in the moods of patients frequently. A patient with bipolar disorder could be difficult to get the best diagnosis since the patient may have varying depressive moods and the diagnosis may be made wrongly to be other health conditions such as depression. A patient with bipolar disorder may, therefore, be seen to have symptoms similar to other health issues. This paper seeks to discuss the treatment for a patient who is diagnosed with bipolar disorder.

Decision Point 1

The three options that are there for selection to help in treating the patient are Begin Lithium 300 mg orally Bid, Begin Risperdal 1 mg orally, or Begin Seroquel XR 10o mg orally at HS. The choice that is selected for the patient to use to treat the health concern is Begin Lithium 300 mg orally Bid.

Decision Rationale

Begin Lithium 300 mg orally Bid is selected for use by the patient for the management of the change in moods. The patient is reported to have swings in his moods and the use of this medication will help in the management of the frequent changes in his moods. This medication is therefore selected with the need for the treatment of the patient by handling the symptoms that are recorded due to bipolar disorder (Landersdorfer et al., 2017). The medication is expected to help in the management of the change in moods since it acts on the neurotransmitters and hence allowing for management of the moods that a patient may have.

Desired Treatment Goals

The manic symptoms that are recorded are as well expected to be reduced by the use of this medication. As such, this medication is selected to ensure that the exaggerated moods of the patient are managed. Gozutok et al. (2019) add that the use of this medication is as well important for treating issues of anxiety and issues of having loud speaking.

Outcomes of the decision

After four weeks the patient is brought back to the healthcare facility for follow up and is found that the patient has not fully been compliant with the use of the medication since there are instances that he used the medication and in other instances did not use the medication. The patient is reported to have had no change in his condition.

Decision Point 2

The selected option for this case is the use of Begin Seroquel XR 100 mg orally at HS. The patient should have had an increase in the dose for the medication but there must be a change of medication. Other than the increase in the dosage, the patient must be educated on the importance of compliance with the use of the medication

Decision Rationale

The use of this medication is because it will help in the process of determination of the easy ways of management of mood changes in the health setting. Thus, there is an ease in the process of patient care to ensure that one can eliminate the process of change. These efforts that are taken into account are expected to help in ensuring that cases of mood changes are managed effectively as opined by Garriga et al. (2017). This medication is as well of importance in the process of management of the working of the neurotransmitters.

Desired Treatment Goals


The outcomes that are attained with the use of this medication are seen after four months when the patient makes a visit to the healthcare facility and it found that the patient has had an addition of weight. The patient as well points out that he has had an incidence of dry mouth and instance of constipation. The positive response found in this case is that there is an improvement in the mania condition since there is a reduction in the occurrences. The patient indicates that there has been a rise in instances where he has a good mood. The complaint presented by the patient is that the medication has had an extensive case of side effects. There is a need therefore for handling the side effect that is seen in the use of this medication to ensure that it does not affect the quality of well-being of the patient. There is a need as well for handling the issues of education of the patient on the healthcare measures that should be put into an account at all times for the best aspect of health that should be taken into account. The education as well should be in line with the need for having a better understanding of the challenges that are faced in the process of decision making and the need for compliance to the use of the medication.

Decision Point 3

The decision that is made in this case concerning the need for having a better direction of care that allows for the patients to be well informed of the best healthcare direction needed. There is a need as well for ensuring that the healthcare providers can reach out to the patients to ensure that the side effects of the medication are is handled. As such, the decision will be useful for the determination of the option that is attained concerning the side effects and the healing and making a comparison of the best option to be made. The choice, in this case, is to discontinue Seroquel and go back to Lithium.

Decision Rationale

The reasons for discontinuing the use of Seroquel and go back to Lithium is because the use of Seroquel has resulted in side effects that may not be preferable and can be avoided. As alluded by Yatham and Kesavan (2017), the use of lithium 300 mg orally daily allows for the patients to have effective management of the issue of bipolar disorder and has fewer side effects as compared to the use of Seroquel.

Desired Treatment Goals

The use of this medication will be of importance in that it allows for the reduction of issues of noncompliance with the effective education of patients. The patient will have to receive education on the issues of compliance with the use of medication and the necessary options that should be handled concerning the process of care for patients. The patient as well should be informed of the expectation with the adherence to the use of the medication. This will be a motivation for the patient to adhere to the medication and get the best health standards.

Patient Outcome

The expectation for the use of this medication was to have a better health standard for the patient. When the patient comes to the healthcare facility for follow up after four weeks, it is found that the patient has a change in mood and that the condition of the patient has become better and that the quality of life of the patient has improved. The process ensured that there is an improvement in the quality of health and that the issue of manic moods is managed.

Ethical and Legal Consideration

In the process of provision of care and the treatment plan for patients, one must consider the ethical standards. First, the process of care mustn’t be affected by the condition that is in place and that the use of the medication should not affect the health of the patient. The healthcare providers as well should act in a way to ensure that the process of care for patients is genuine and that there is the avoidance of any issues of poor health. This includes the kind of medication that is to be used and the dosage that is to be given to the patient. It is the importance that they are in linewith the require protocols of management of issues of bipolar disorder.

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Scenario: Family
An 83, year old woman is recovering from pneumonia. She has Alzheimer’s disease and has become increasingly hostile and unmanageable in the home setting. Her 65, year old daughter is distraught about the idea of placing her mother in a long term care facility but feels she is not able to care for her.

Part 1:
• The original post must be at least 200 – 300 words in length
• What is your role in this situation?
• How might you help the daughter with her decision?
• What information would you give the daughter?

Scenario: Family
A 78, year old man is a retired banker whose wife died several years ago. He is able to perform all ADLs but needs help with meal preparation and transportation. He lives in a deteriorating neighborhood and no longer feels safe. He does not want to live with family members or completely give up his independence.

Part 1:
• The original post must be at least 200 – 300 words in length
• What housing options would be appropriate for him? Why?
• What advantages would such housing options offer over living alone?

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Article Analysis And Evaluation Of Research Ethics

Search the GCU Library and find one new health care article that uses quantitative research. Do not use an article from a previous assignment, or that appears in the Topic Materials or textbook.

Complete an article analysis and ethics evaluation of the research using the “Article Analysis and Evaluation of Research Ethics” template. See Chapter 5 of your textbook as needed, for assistance.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.


Article   1





Broad   Topic Area/Title


Problem   Statement

(What is the problem research is   addressing?)


Purpose   Statement

(What is the purpose of the study?)


Research   Questions

(What questions does the research   seek to answer?)


Define   Hypothesis 

(Or state the correct hypothesis   based upon variables used)


Identify   Dependent and Independent Variables and Type of Data for the Variables


Population   of Interest for Study




Sampling   Method 


Identify   Data Collection

Identify how data were collected


Summarize   Data Collection Approach


Discuss   Data Analysis

Include what types of statistical   tests were used for the variables.


Summarize   Results of Study


Summary   of Assumptions and Limitations 

Identify the assumptions and   limitations from the article.

Report other potential assumptions   and limitations of your review not listed by the author.

Ethical Considerations

Evaluate the article and identify potential ethical considerations that may have occurred when sampling, collecting data, analyzing data, or publishing results. Summarize your findings below in 250-500 words. Provide rationale and support for your evaluation.

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Nursing Discussion

The discussion assignment provides a forum for discussing relevant topics for this week on the basis of the course competencies covered. For this assignment, make sure you post your initial response to the Discussion Area by the due date assigned and complete your participation for this assignment by Day 7. To support your work, use your course and text readings and also use resources from the South University Online Library.As in all assignments, cite your sources in your work and provide references for the citations in APA format. Support your work, using your course lectures and textbook readings. Helpful APA guides and resources are available in the South University Online Library. Below are guides that are located in the library and can be accessed and downloaded via the South University Online Citation Resources: APA Style page. The American Psychological Association website also provides detailed guidance on formatting, citations, and references at APA Style.
• APA Citation Helper
• APA Citations Quick Sheet
• APA-Style Formatting Guidelines for a Written Essay
• Basic Essay Template


Post your initial response to the topic below.

In community and public health nursing, the target of care is the community, thus the community is the client receiving the care. The role of the nurse is to evaluate health concerns and develop an aggregate plan of care to address those concerns. Aggregates or target populations in the community may include child care centers, cities, counties, senior centers, homeless shelters, minority communities, faith-based organizations, work sites, schools, or other populations.

  • Identify and discuss a few targeted populations in your community that are of interest to you.
  • Provide your rationale  for the selections identified.
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Assignment: Academic Success And Professional Development Plan Part 3: Strategies To Promote Academic Integrity And Professional Ethics

Nurse-scholars have a significant obligation to their community as well. Their work must have academic and professional integrity. Their efforts are designed to add to the body of knowledge, advance the profession, and ultimately help in the care of patients. Work that lacks integrity is subject to erode quickly or worse.

Fortunately, there are strategies and tools that can help ensure integrity in academic and professional work. This assignment asks you to consider these tools and how you might apply them to your own work.

In this Assignment, you will continue developing your Academic Success and Professional Development Plan by appending the original document you began in the previous assignment.

To Prepare:

  • Reflect on the strategies presented in the Resources for this Module in support of academic style, integrity, and scholarly ethics.
  • Reflect on the connection between academic and professional integrity.

The Assignment:

Part 3, Section 1: Writing Sample: The Connection Between Academic and Professional Integrity

Using the Academic and Professional Success Development Template you began in Module 1 and expanded in Module 2, write a 2- to 3-paragraph analysis that includes the following:

  • An explanation for the relationship between academic integrity and writing
  • An explanation for the relationship between professional practices and scholarly ethics
  • Cite at least two resources that support your arguments, being sure to use proper APA formatting.
  • Use Grammarly and SafeAssign to improve the product.
  • Explain how Grammarly, Safe Assign, and paraphrasing contributes to academic integrity.

Part 3, Section 2: Strategies for Maintaining Integrity of Work

Expand on your thoughts from Section 1 by:

  • identifying and describing strategies you intend to pursue to maintain integrity and ethics of your: (1) academic work as a student of the MSN program and (2) professional work as a nurse throughout your career. Include a review of resources and approaches you propose to use as a student and a professional.

Note: Add your work for this Assignment to the original document you began in the Module 1 Assignment, which was built from the Academic Success and Professional Development Plan Template.

Rubric and template attached below.

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Write an argumentative essay on the following topic. Take your position and support with the evidence and reasons. Evidence includes facts, data, and quotes. Evidence should be supported.

  • Do you think that technology is helping over society more or harming it more? In what ways?

Follow an APA format. Write a five-paragraph essay. At-least, include two citations. do not forget to include References on a separate page.

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Review the Resources and reflect on the importance of agenda setting

To Prepare:
Review the Resources and reflect on the importance of agenda setting.Consider how federal agendas promote healthcare issues and how these healthcare issues become agenda priorities.
By Day 3 of Week 1
Post your response to the discussion question: Consider a topic that rises to the presidential level. How did each of the presidents (Trump, Obama, and Bush) handle the problem? What would you do differently?
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CLC PowerPoint


This is a Collaborative Learning Community (CLC) assignment.

Using the Center for Medicare website, groups will select a quality indicator as it relates to an exacerbation of a chronic disease in the acute care setting that is likely to affect the treatment of the patient population with neurological disorders. Search CMS for readmission regulations as well as core measures. Develop a treatment plan discussing the best way to safely manage a patient population in relationship to the quality indicator. Include the following information in your treatment plan:

1. Identify the quality indicator and explain its relationship to safe care for your patient population.

2. Discuss how the quality indicator affects the patient’s treatment plan both within and, if applicable, outside of the hospital setting.

3. Discuss the family’s role in advocating for and implementing safe care for the patient both within and outside of the hospital setting.

Present your treatment plan as a 7-10 slide PowerPoint presentation with your findings. Include slide notes (150-250 words for each slide in the speaker notes).

You are required to cite three to five sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.

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