In which passage does Swift use the rhetorical device of synecdoche, using a part of the body to describe the whole body?
a. “First, as things now stand, how will they be able to find food and raiment for a hundred thousand useless mouths and backs?”
b. “I profess in the sincerity of my heart that I have not the least personal interest in endeavouring to promote this necessary work…”
c. “I think it is agreed by all parties that this prodigious number of children, in the arms of or on the backs or at the heels of their mothers…”
d. “A child will make two dishes at an entertainment for friends, and when the family dines alone, the fore or hind quarter will make a reasonable dish…”
In which passage does Swift restate his argument for eating impoverished babies?
a. “Infants’ flesh will be in season throughout the year…”
b. “Having no other motive than the public good of my country, by advancing our trade, providing for infants, relieving the poor, and giving pleasure to the rich.”
c. “I have already computed the cost of nursing a beggar’s child…”
d. “Some persons of a desponding spirit are in great concern about the vast number of poor who are aged, diseased, or maimed…”
Which passage shows Swift addressing religious concerns through the use of satire?
a. “It would greatly lessen the number of Papists, with whom we are yearly overrun, being the principal breeders of the nation as well as our most dangerous enemies.”
b. “Sixthly, this would be a great inducement to marriage, which all wise nations have either encouraged by rewards or enforced by laws and penalties.”
c. “Therefore, I repeat, let no man talk to me of these and the like expedients till he hath at least some glimpse of hope that there will ever be some hearty and sincere attempt to put them in practice.”
d. “It is a melancholy object to those who walk through this great town, or travel in the country, when they see the streets, the roads, and cabin doors crowded with beggars of the female sex…”
Which passage shows Swift’s feelings about the wealthy upper classes through the use of satire?
a. “I have reckoned upon a medium, that a child just born will weigh twelve pounds, and within a solar year, if tolerably nursed, increaseth to twenty-eight pounds.”
b. “They cannot get work and consequently pine away for want of nourishment to a degree that if at any time they are accidentally hired to common labour, they have not the strength to to perform it…”
c. “I grant that this food will be somewhat dear, and therefore very proper for landlords, who, as they have already devoured most of the peasants, seem to have the best title to the children.”
d. Then as to the females, it would, I think, with humble submission, be a loss to the public because they soon would become breeders themselves.
Which passage best shows Swift’s use of Pathos, an appeal to readers emotions?
a. “But my intention is very far from being confined to provide only for children of professed beggars…”
b. “There only remain a hundred and twenty thousand of poor parents annually born.”
c. “I shall now therefore humbly propose my own thoughts, which I hope will not be liable to the least objection.”
d. “I doubt, more to avoid the expense, than the shame, which would move tears and pity in the most savage and inhuman beast.”