i need an answer for each discussion.discussion 1Even though I am currently conducting a research for a cardiologist, I was not too familiar of the steps involved prior to conducting a research study. This class has advanced my knowledge of the overall research process. It takes time, knowledge, experience, evidence-based practice and thoroughness when developing a proposed research.My proposed research study was based on personal experience in the hospital. There were multiple heart failure admissions but many of them were not educated in the disease process or the importance of managing their disease. Due to this experience, it encouraged me to develop my proposed research study on the health literacy in older adults who have heart failure. The best research evidence is the empirical knowledge generated from the synthesis of quality studies to address a practice problem (Grove, Burns & Gray, 2013). I was able to research articles, studies and websites to implement evidence-based material into my proposed research study.When conducting a research, it is important maintain honesty, integrity and patient rights with all aspects of the research, including informed consent, data management, data analysis, and protection of human subjects. Misconduct is major ethical issue in research. Misconduct has occurred during the conduct, reporting, and publication of studies, and the Office of Research Integrity (ORI, 2012) was developed to manage this problem (Grove, Burns & Gray, 2013). Patient human rights need to be protected throughout the research. The human rights that require protection in research are (1) self-determination; (2) privacy; (3) anonymity and confidentiality; (4) fair treatment; and (5) protection from discomfort and harm (Grove, Burns & Gray, 2013).There are different funding organizations, nationally and internationally, that provide initiatives for outcome research. The National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) and Agency of Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) are well known funding organizations for research. A major initiative of the NINR is the development of a national nursing research agenda that involves identifying nursing research priorities, outlining a plan for implementing priority studies, and obtaining resources to support these priority projects (Grove, Burns & Gray, 2013).ReferenceGrove, S., Burns, N. and Gray, J. (2013). The Practice of Nursing Research: Appraisal, Synthesis, and Generation of Evidence, 7th Edition. [South University]. Retrieved from https://digitalbookshelf.southuniversity.edu/#/books/978-1-4557-0736-2/discussion 2Throughout this course I have been able to add to my previous knowledge of nursing research. This course has given me the opportunity to meticulously go through the process and steps of developing a research proposal. By completing numerous qualitative and quantitative annotated bibliographies, I have learned how to critically analyze practice and research in order to develop my research proposal.Reviewing the research for my topic as well as the assignment on reviewing research questions helped me to improve my ability to evaluate research for improved outcomes. These same assignments also aided me in learning how to understand the research process to include information on research methods, research designs, and sample population. Through trial and error, I was able to improve on my research proposal until I developed a final proposal to address a focus in nursing practice.During week two I completed a course on protecting human research participants from the National Institutes of Health (NIH). I learned a great deal of information regarding ethical and legal issues related to scientific research on human subjects. Completing the Institutional Review Board (IRB) application and the Informed Consent letter helped me focus on the details of these forms and the legalities of providing detailed information to research participants for their protection. Throughout the course I have gained more knowledge of data management and analysis. Working with Minitab provided me the opportunity to essentially put the information in to a program to get actual numbers and results for analyzing the data.Through my weekly assigned readings I also learned of initiatives for nursing research. The National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) is a major funding agency for nursing research (Grove, Burns, Gray, 2013). The advancement of a national nursing agenda is one of the main initiatives of the NINR to help recognize nursing research priorities, to assist with outlining a plan for implementing priority studies, and to obtain resources to support their projects (Grove, Burns, Gray, 2013).ReferencesGrove, S., Burns, N., Gray, J. (2013). The Practice of Nursing Research: Appraisal, Synthesis, and Generation of Evidence, 7th Edition. [South University]. Retrieved from https://digitalbookshelf.southuniversity.edu/#/books/978-1-4557-0736-2/
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