Write a short paper (1 – 2 pages) illustrating the concept of Groupthink, and include at least three (3) famous historical examples of Groupthink that fit within the definition provided in the PowerPoint. To be eligible for full credit, you must research this concept through the APUS online library, and reference your additional source(s) both in and at the end of your paper. As a convenience, references regarding this concept are provided below.

In preparation for this assignment, review the PowerPoint on Groupthink below. Your paper must have an introduction, body, and conclusion. Your paper must include a reference page, title page, and in-text citations for all listed references in accordance with the APA manual, 6th edition chapters 6 (citation formatting) and chapter 7 (reference/source formatting). In addition, papers longer than 2 pages will not be read after the second page. As such, please ensure that all questions are answered within the first two pages, as your grade will be based on the first two pages received.

Please support your ideas, arguments, and opinions with independent research, and include at least three (3) supporting references or sources (do NOT use your textbook as one of the three required references, Wikipedia, unknown, undated, or anonymous sources, such as websites).

How do these sources define Groupthink, and what historical events do these sources use to illustrate this phenomenon?

PowerPoint – Groupthink

Shore, S. (2010). Groupthink. Retrieved from


Please ensure that you review the grading rubric for this assignment carefully, to ensure that you receive the highest possible grade for your work!

Grading Rubric

APUS Online Library Resources that you should find helpful include:


Online Library Tutorial Center:

Library Answers to Frequently Asked Questions:

Supplemental References:

Aldag, R. J., Fuller, S. R. (1993). “Beyond fiasco: A reappraisal of the groupthink phenomenon and a new model of group decision processes”Psychological Bulletin, 113(3), 533–552.

Dattner, B. (2011). Preventing groupthink. Retrieved July 10, 2013 from

Ferraris, C., & Carveth, R. (2003). “NASA and the Columbia disaster: decision-making by groupthink?”Proceedings of the 2003 Association for Business Communication Annual Convention.

Mindtools (2013). Avoiding fatal flaws in group decision-making. Retrieved July 10, 2013 from

Moorhead, G., Ference, R., Neck, C. P. (1991). “Group decision fiascoes continue: Space Shuttle Challenger and a revised groupthink framework”Human Relations, 44 (6), 539–550

Packer, D. J. (2009). “Avoiding groupthink: whereas weakly identified members remain silent, strongly identified members dissent about collective problems”Psychological Science, 20(5), 546–548.

Rose, J. D. (Spring 2011). “Diverse perspectives on the groupthink theory – a literary review”Emerging Leadership Journeys, 4(1), 37–57.

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