Developmental History of Pat:
Pat reports that there were no complications, to her knowledge, with her mother’s pregnancy or delivery. Pat was born after a traditional full-term gestation. However, she said, “The doctor said nothing went wrong with my delivery, but from the beginning there was something wrong with my leg. I did not walk on my own until I was 3 because of what they called ‘under-developed legs.’ I had orthotics and a lot of rehab therapy, and now I am fine with my legs.”
Pat reported that her mom told her she stayed in her crib because of her walking difficulties. When she got the orthotics she walked awkwardly so she often just sat in the middle of the room instead of exploring her surroundings. Pat spoke her first words by age 1 and began forming sentences by age 2. She was potty-trained at the age of 4.
As Pat is telling you about her developmental history, she pauses and says, “You know, we never talked about how I got along with my family. I was never close to anyone in my family. My dad left when I was 7, and he was just never there for me. My mom tried, but she was always working and then she got sick, and she was never there for me either. My siblings bolted the house as soon as they turned 16, and I have never been close to them either. My mom and dad fought a lot before he left, and I think us kids all were scared of them a bit.”
Pat denied having had surgery or allergies. However, she said, “I’ll probably die from smoking. I have smoked a pack a day since I was 13.” When asked whether she has previously been hospitalized, Pat said, “I have. I do not want to talk about it yet. As I get to know you, maybe we can go there. All I will tell you now is that I was in the hospital several times, and the last one was when I was 31. I do not think my health is relevant.”
Biopsychosocial Development and Pat
Psychologists view development as a life-long process. During adolescence, you experience the beginnings of sexual and social maturity. In some societies, adolescence marks the beginning of adulthood. Although physical changes during the adult years may be less dramatic than those experienced during adolescence, your body continues to change at all stages of life. In older age, your vision, memory, and immune system decrease. Your fluid intelligence, the ability to reason quickly and abstractly (Cattell, 1963; Horn, 1982), also decreases.
Development over a life span is much more than physical and cognitive changes. Physical changes are often sequential and age-related. In contrast, social changes are not bound by such parameters. Erickson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development argues that each stage of life has its own psychosocial task. As you age, life experiences and themes like intimacy and generativity shape your social life form early adulthood to death. Additionally, factors such as family and culture greatly impact biopsychosocial development.
Consider the information you were provided about Pat, then apply the concepts of biopsychosocial development you learned about this week to Pat’s life.
To prepare for this Assignment:
- Review Modules 9–12 with emphasis on Module 10, “Infancy and Childhood” and Module 12, “Adulthood.” Consider if Pat achieved the developmental milestones within typical ranges.
- Review Erikson’s psychosocial stages of development. Determine what stage you think Pat should be in and how Pat’s early physical delays possibly impact her socioemotional progress through Erikson’s stages.
- Review the information on Pat and determine how she progressed through each psychosocial crisis.
a paper of 1–2 pages applying Erikson’s psychosocial stages of development to your case study on Pat. Specifically, explain how Pat’s early physical delays may impact her socioemotional progress through Erikson’s stages.
please make sure to meet requirements .